Appreciate the answers you have given here, really informative.
Would like your input also on my situation, being an EU citizen and having a fixed-term work contract for 7 months. If I start my A-kasse membership now, I have these scenarios:
1) I manage to find another job before this temporary contract ends - my A-kasse membership will continue without any changes, and hopefully the new job will be permanent or long enough to fulfill the requirement of at least 12 months of work & income of 223,428 DKK.
2) I don't manage to find another job before this temporary contract ends:
a) Can I continue my A-kasse membership and pay into it, even if I become unemployed? I understood there are some A-kasser that offer discount for unemployed members.
b) If I'll get a new job after let's say 3-4 months, will the new worked months be added to the initial 7 months worked before, while being an a-kasse member all this time? Or do you need to have continuous/uninterrupted 12 months of work with an income of at least 18,619 DKK per month to be eligible for dagpenge? Or the continuous part refers only to the A-kasse membership period of 1 year?
3) I end my A-kasse membership after the 7 months. Then in the near future I start again being a member of an A-kasse, because of a new job contract. Will another 5 months of membership with paid work suffice in case of future unemployment, if all other requirements are met? Or the 7 months-membership before won't count anymore and I have to stay another 1 full year with the new a-kasse before being eligible for dagpenge?
Thanks in advance for clarifying this.